Ibn Abass responds to Muawiyah

Once Abdullâh bin Abbas radiallaahu ‘anhu took permission to visit Muawiyah radiallaahu ‘anhu. At that time a number of dignitaries among the Quraish were present there, and Said ibn al-Aas was sitting at Muawiyah’s right hand. When Muawiyah saw that Ibn Abbas was coming in, he said to Said, ‘O Said! By Allâh, I will put such questions to Ibn Abbas that he will be unable to answer them’. Said said, ‘Ibn Abbas will never fail to reply to your questions’.When Ibn Abbas sat down, Muawiyah asked him, ‘What do you say about Abu Bakr radiallaahu ‘anhu?’ He said:

 


“May Allâh subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy upon Abu Bakr, he followed the Qur’ân, he was away from the deviation, and inadvertent towards the indecent (obscene) acts. He used to forbid the evil (and what is wrong); and was having the (full) knowledge of the religion. He feared Allâh, stood in worship before Him at night, kept fast during the day, was saved from the evils of the world. He was determined for doing justice with the creation, for enjoining what is good and to resort to it. He thanked (Allâh) in all circumstances, and remembered Allâh in the morning and evening. He was harsh in correcting his own soul. He excelled his friends (companions) in piety, sobriety, renunciation (of the worldly ends), righteousness, taking care of (himself from worldly abasement), reliance (upon Allâh’s providence), and equality. May Allâh punish the wicked one, till the day of judgement who dishonours him.”


Then Muawiyah asked Ibn Abbas, ‘What do you say about Umar bin Al Khattab radiallaahu ‘anhu?’ He replied:


“May Allâh have mercy upon Abu Hafs (i.e. Umar). I declare by Allâh: he was a confederate of Islam, a shelter for the orphan, an abode of the faith (iman), a refuge of the weak, a castle for the truthful (i.e. Hunafa, which may also mean muslims), a fortress for the creation, and a helper for the miserable. He stood for the (assistance to the) truth with patience and contentment until: Allâh made His religion superior; the countries were conquered; and Allâh was remembered throughout the lands: near the rivers (and seas), on the hills, in the fields, and in the forests. He faced with dignity the foul language, was thankful (to Allâh) both in hardship and comfort, and remembered Allâh all the time. May Allâh punish the one, until the day of judgement, who hates him.”


Then Muawiyah asked him, ‘What do you say about Uthmân bin Affan radiallaahu ‘anhu?’ He replied:


“May Allâh have mercy upon Abu Amr (i.e. Uthmân): I swear by Allâh, he was most respectable in the family. He used to keep relations with good men, and was a great patient among those who fight in the way of Allâh. He offered Tahajjud salat in the last part of the night, and wept abundantly when Allâh was remembered before him. He was thoughtful for the cause (of Muslims) day and night. He got up for every noble act, and was always ready for good deeds. He kept away from every such act which leads to the disaster (in the hereafter). He was the one who fed the army of the Prophet in the battle of Tabuk, and who entrusted the well of water to the Muslims. He was the son-in-law of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for two of daughters. May Allâh punish the one, until the day of judgement, who curse (and abuse) him.”


Then Muawiyah asked him, ‘What do you say about Ali bin Abi Talib?’ He replied:


“May Allâh have mercy upon Abul Hasan (i.e. Alee): I swear by Allâh, he was the banner of guidance, the cavern of the piety, the abode of the wisdom, mountain of good, light for the one who travels in the darkness of night. He was the inviter (caller) towards the Broad way (i.e. the religion of Islam), and the scholar of the revealed books. He stood firm with the correct interpretation of the Qur’ân and with the reminding sermon. He was attached to the means of guidance. He renounced injustice, tyranny, and the ways which lead to disaster. He was the best among those who accepted the belief and acquired piety. The leader of all those who put on shirt or wrapped up in a mantle; the most virtuous among all those who established justice and equality; and the most successful lecturer, besides the Prophets and the Prophet Mustafa (pbuh). He was among those who offered salat towards the Qiblas i.e. Jerusalem and Mecca. There is none who can claim to be equal to him. He was the husband of the best woman (i.e. Fatimah), and the father of the two grandsons (of the Prophet). I have not seen anyone similar to him, and I will not see (in future) as well until the day of judgement, anyone similar to him. May Allâh punish the one , until the day of judgement, who curses him, may Allâh’s curse be upon such person”


Then Muawiyah asked him, ‘What do you say about Talha and Zubair radiallaahu ‘anhu?’ He replied:


“May Allâh have mercy upon both of them: by Allâh, they were chaste, pious, and were among those who surrender to Allâh’s will (i.e. Muslims). They were pure, among those who purify others, witness (to Allâh’s religion), and scholars (of Islam). They committed a mistake, and Allâh willing, He subhanahu wa ta’ala will forgive them. They were in the company of the Prophet from the beginning, they helped Allâh’s religion and were on the good deeds.”


Then Muawiyah asked, ‘What do you say about Abbas?’ He replied:


“May Allâh have mercy on Abdul Fadl : by Allâh, he and the Prophet belonged to the same tree. He was coolness for eyes, and was chosen by Allâh. He was the cavern for the nations and the leader of the uncles (of the Prophet). He, due to his vision, overcame all difficulties and had great sight in the ends of the matters. He was decorated with the knowledge. The virtues of other persons are worthless before him. The glory of other families is of no value before the glory of his family. And it is due to the fact that his family is based upon Abdul Mutallib who was the most dignified of the Qureshites who walk or ride.”

 

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2 Responses

  1. MashAllah! Amazing. This post is one of my fav! Where did you find it?

    For a sec I thought this was a convo b/w you and another forum user named Muawiyah. :S Btw, welcome back to the Almaghrib forums.

  2. Wa salaam.

    Thanks for the welcome back, I hope I can forget about the past and those events dont repeat themselves inshAllah. But its all good inshAllah 🙂

    Anyways, I found this post on an Islamic forum posted by a brother and it was transmitted by Tabarani, on the authority of Rabi bin Harrash as narrated by Al Haithmi, Vol IX p160

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